Research

CPEC Research Categories

One Platform for all CPEC research targeting Connectivity, Regional growth, Urban Development, Socio-Economics, Financial Development and Job Growth

Urban Development

Pakistan is one of the fastest urbanizing countries in South Asia with a population of 207,774,520 of which 63.6% is rural and 36.4% is urban (GOP, 2017). The United Nations Population Division estimates that, by 2025, nearly half of the country’s population will live in urban areas with a major chunk of the population living in the megacities. Rapid urbanization creates opportunities and challenges. Cities around the world are home to the creation of employment, environment-friendly technological and infrastructural advancements, and a high economic productivity. However, mismanagement and poor planning of the cities & urbanization process may result in low economic activity, environmental vulnerability, poor service delivery, and socially exclusive societies.

urban development, cpec research

Working Papers

Slums Shadowing the Dreams of Well-Planned Cities: Future Urbanization of Pakistan under CPEC

Abstract:

Slums mostly shadow beautiful cities – massive urbanization coupled with slumization is one of the biggest challenges for growing cities. Cites provide an attraction for people but this may open-up in tragedy sometimes, trapping the dwellers in slums. Urban population is increasing drastically at the global level, half of the world’s population is living in urban areas. This huge increase in population is proportionately involved rural to urban migration resulting in formation…

Author:

Dr. Ghulam Akhmat
Senior Research Fellow: Urban
Development in Pakistan under CPEC

Keywords:

Slums, Developing world, Cities of Pakistan, Urbanization, Pakistan, cpec research

Environment Protection Under CPEC-Focus On Relocation Of Industries From China To Pakistan

Abstract:

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) provides the industrial sector of Pakistan with an opportunity to modernize and become more efficient and competitive. The various energy projects under CPEC – coupled with improvements in infrastructure and road networks – are helping to address some of the key constraints to growth in the country. More importantly…

Author:

Dr. Saleem Janjua
Head of Policy, Centre of Excellence for
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Islamabad
Adnan Khan
Research Associate, Centre of Excellence for
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Islamabad
Numra Asif
Research Assistant, Centre of Excellence for
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Islamabad

Keywords:

cpec projects, cpec research, road networks

Sustainable Urban Development & SEZs Considerations For China Pakistan Economic Corridor

Abstract:

The formation and advancement of special economic zones (SEZs) are considered as engines of economic growth, as they play their role of social-uplift through trade boost-up, widening export base, fast-track urbanization and other social privileges. Around the world, several examples of successful SEZs exist and many of them are in the Asian region. In the framework of China- Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), nine SEZs are proposed…

Author:

Dr. Saleem Janjua
Policy Head Urban Development
Centre of Excellence CPEC
Adnan Khan
Research Associate
Centre of Excellence CPEC

Numra Asif
Research Assistant
Centre of Excellence CPEC

Keywords:

Urban Development, Special Economic Zones, China Pakistan Economic Corridor, Industrialization, Economic Growth.

How to boost Exports through CPEC? Applying Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework (GIFF) To Pakistan

Abstract:

Pakistan economy is besieged on the export front for decades, which contributes to trade and current account deficits. Although the government has announced several industrialization policies in the past, but no significant change has been observed. But now, under China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) we have an opportunity to put the economy back on track. We are expecting some major structural shifts, through which we will overcome the basic bottleneck…

Author:

Adnan Khan
Research Associate
Centre of Excellence CPEC

Muhammad Ishtiaq
Economic Analyst
State Bank of Pakistan

Muhammad Sohail
Lecturer
NUML, Islamabad

Keywords:

CPEC Research, Economic Growth, Pakistan Economy, Special Economic Zones (SEZs), Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework (GIFF), Latent Comparative Advantage-LCA

Socio-Economic Impacts of CPEC

Pakistan is the fifth populous country with a population of 207,775 million of which 63.6 % hire in rural areas and 36.4 in urban (GOP, 2017).  Socio economic development is essential requirement for the improvement of the quality of life, wellbeing of the people and the environment in which we all live. Socio economic status is a combined economic and sociological measures of a person/a household/family in relation to other people in term of education, income and occupation. Any change in these indicators both positive and otherwise will affect the social economic status of a person or household or a family.  Besides, there are other indicators which are also related to socio-economic status, such as health, wealth, political participation, psychological condition, household size, housing quality, safety and security, availability of food, basic need and other essential services.

Working Papers

Socio Economic Impacts of Road Infrastructure under CPEC: A Case of Express Way-35

Abstract:

Investment under umbrella of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is subject to social and economic development of country at large. One of the key domains of the CPEC is road infrastructure. Development and expansion of the road infrastructure is intended to enhance connectivity for social and economic uplift of the regions. This study investigates the socio and economic impacts of the road infrastructure with special reference to E-35. Study concluded that long term impacts need time…

Author:

Dr. Amir Khan
Policy Head: Socio Economic Impacts of CPEC
CoE CPEC
Saira Ali
Research Associate: Socio Economic Impacts of CPEC
CoE CPEC, CPEC Research

Keywords:

Infrastructure, CPEC, E-35, socio economic, baseline

Measuring Socio-Economic Impacts of CPEC: A framework for Info-Structure

Abstract:

This concept note is the outcome of second workshop which was conducted in the centre of excellence, CPEC-SE Division from 18-23 December 2017 to strengthen the evidence base planning, intervention and CPEC impact assessment. After giving a brief background of CPEC including its context within the framework of SDGs part first explain the procedure of measuring the socio-economic impacts…

Author:

Prof. (Meritorious) Amir Khan, Policy Head SE Division, CoE-CPEC

Dr. Khalid Omer, Consultant, CoE-CPEC

Ms. Saira Ali, Research Associate, CoE-CPEC

Keywords:

BRI, CPEC, OBOR, Silk Road, CPEC Research

CPEC Trade & Industry

Trade and Industrialization play a significant role in economic growth of an economy. The inclusive growth can effectively and efficiently be achieved through   promoting trade and industrial development. Trade and Industrialization are, no doubt, the main factors behind the success stories of ‘Asian tigers and dragons’ in the recent time. In this way, role of trade and industrial cooperation is very crucial. Learning from the best practices of China, Pakistan can also expand its industrial base and enhance international trade. The target is to achieve the competitiveness, establish viable industry clusters and create market niche for Pakistan through CPEC. Fulfilment of these goals will help Pakistan’s economy to expand its trade worldwide and to uplift local industry.

Working Papers

Joint Ventures under CPEC and Prospects for Pakistan’ Industry: A Remarkable Yield of One Belt One Road Initiative

Abstract:

China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a revolutionary project having remarkable implications for the economy and considered as fate changer of this region. The mega project of CPEC creates regional connectivity among Central and South Asian countries under the one belt one road (OBOR) initiative. The CPEC project includes the establishment of the country-wide 9 priority special economic zones (SEZs) providing the opportunities of possible joint ventures for local businesses with the world class export oriented Chinese and foreign companies to relocate in the industrial parks and special economic zones (SEZs) developed by Pakistan. As the Joint ventures…

Author:

Ahsan Abbas
Senior Research Fellow
Centre of Excellence CPEC
Faryal Maaz
Research Associate
Centre of Excellence CPEC

Keywords:

Joint ventures, industrial clusters, trade, industry, SEZs, China, and Pakistan, CPEC Research

Nine Proposed Priority SEZs under CPEC and SEZ Act; An Approach to Industrial Development

Abstract:

SEZs are promoted around the globe mainly in less developed countries as a strategy to industrialize and to accelerate the economic growth. The growing number of zones are the evidence of this “second best”1 (Farole, 2010) and cornerstone (UNIDO, 2015) strategy for the country’s economic growth. Pakistan has announced SEZs to support the strategy of export promotion and import substitution. This paper discusses…

Author:

Dr. Ahsan Abbas
Senior Research Fellow
Centre of Excellence
Saira Ali
Research Associate
Centre of Excellence

Keywords:

SEZ, human resource, potential industries, CPEC Research

China Regional Trade Pattern and Prospects for Pakistan

Abstract:

China remained one of the top economies of the world, with respect to trade volume it is the first largest exporting and the 2nd largest importing country. Manufacturing sector is the key trading sector (imports and exports) of China which accounts for 94% of its total exports and about 65% of its total imports. Prime trading partners includes USA, the largest destination constitutes 18.5% of total exports of China and EU the largest supplier covers 10% of China’s total imports. China has opened 32% of its economy whereas USA and EU have opened their economies around 19% and 64% respectively.
This study has also analyzed the trade between…

Author:

Dr. Ahsan Abbas, Senior Research Fellow CPEC Trade and Industry Cooperation Centre of Excellence CPEC
Saira Ali, Research Associate Socio-Economic Impacts of CPEC, Centre of Excellence CPEC

Keywords:

Trade Pattern, EU, Prime Trading, SAARC, CPEC Research

How to boost Exports through CPEC? Applying Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework (GIFF) To Pakistan

Abstract:

Pakistan economy is besieged on the export front for decades, which contributes to trade and current account deficits. Although the government has announced several industrialization policies in the past, but no significant change has been observed. But now, under China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) we have an opportunity to put the economy back on track. We are expecting some major structural…

Author:

Adnan Khan
Research Associate of Policy-Urban Developement, Centre of Excellence for CPEC, PIDE, Ministry of Planning
Muhammad Ishtiaq
Economic Analyst
State Bank of Pakistan
Muhammad Sohail
Lecturer
NUML Islamabad

Keywords:

CPEC Research, Economic Growth, Pakistan Economy, Special Economic Zones (SEZs), Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework (GIFF), Latent Comparative Advantage-LCA

Regional Connectivity Cooperation

Pakistan has nature’s unique advantage due to it’s geo-strategically coordinates among top emerging eastern economies including China, India and other South Asian countries. World has experienced multiple regional integration models like EU, ASEAN, SAARC and BRICS. But these are all facing a lot of challenge. Major root-cause being exclusive growth of regional countries. Based on such experiences, President Xi initiated a new model of regional integration “Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)” and made connectivity agreements with 65 regional countries for infrastructural development worth 900 billion USDs.

Under BRI model China is going to connect South Asia, South East Asia, Africa, Europe, Central Asia, Russia and Middle East Asia with six major economic corridors and “China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)” has been declared a flagship corridor of BRI due to its geo-strategic positioning.

Working Papers

Challenges and Solutions in Building CPEC-A Flagship of BRI

Abstract:

One of the OBOR pilot corridors out of the six corridors is CPEC. The CPEC has been initiated in 2013 and due to its speedy progress, CPEC is now vastly considered as the “flagship” project among the OBOR projects. The CPEC initiatives include; development of Gwadar Port, road, rail and optical fiber connectivity, energy corridor and Special Economic Zones development for bilateral benefits to attain inclusive growth and regional harmonization. Before the inception of CPEC, the growth of Pakistan was curtailed by two major bottlenecks; acute energy shortages and weak…

Author:

Yasir Arrfat
Research Coordinator
Centre of Excellence

Keywords:

BRI, Challenges, Connectivity, Corridors, CPEC, Global Competitive Index (GCI), Investment, Infrastructure, OBOR

Location Decision for Solar farm Development using GIS and Clustering Approach – A case of Pakistan

Abstract:

Solar radiation in any geographical region is not constant. Someareas receive more solar radiation than others. The best location in terms of solar power potential can be the one receiving maximum solar radiation. However, other factors such as land cover, elevation, geographical position, air temperature and humidity affect the viability of a suitable location for solar power systems. This paper presents a methodology to identify locations for solar power generation keeping in view solar variability and multivariate factors influencing the viability…

Author:

Fahd Amjad
Policy Head of Regional Connectivity
Centre of Excellence

Liaqat Ali Shah
Policy Head of Trade & Industrial Cooperation
Centre of Excellence

Keywords:

Solar, Pakistan, Facility Location Decision, Spatial Analysis, Density Based Clustering, Quantum – GIS, R statistical software

Prospects of Business Information Modeling (BIM) In Support to CPEC

Abstract:

This paper sheds light on the methodology of “Business Information Modeling (BIM)”and the benef1ts associated with it. It further represents the case studies regarding the usefulness of BIM in countries namely: UAE, Singapore,Dubai and Spain. This paper indicates the diversity and complexity associated with the gigantic portfolio of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and its implementation. This study…

Author:

Resource Person:
Mr. Azhar Zia-Ur-Rehman

CISA, CISM, CRISC, ITIL, MS BE, ISO27K Certified Lead Auditor, ISO20000 Lead Auditor, ISO22301 Lead Auditor, Rehmaniyah Management Consultant.

Prepared By:
Yasir Arrfat Research

Associate at Centre of Excellence-China Pakistan Economic Corridor, Planning Commission of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan

Reviewed By:
Dr. Shahid Rashid

Executive Director at Centre of Excellence-China Pakistan Economic Corridor, Planning Commission of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan

Keywords:

BIM, CPEC, Building, Capabilities, Information Modelling

Financing and Financial Sector Integration

Financing and Financial Sector Integration has its own importance in shaping the future of Pakistan. Financing and Financial Sector Integration involves the working of Chinese and Pakistani financial institutions in such a way that they work in maximum synchronization. The Centre of Excellence for CPEC has been given the mandate to explore the opportunities and challenges involved in this regard. Other aligned objectives of this theme include; to conduct policy based research and present to the implementer.

CPEC

Working Papers

Joint Ventures under CPEC and Prospects for Pakistan’ Industry: A Remarkable Yield of One Belt One Road Initiative

Abstract:

China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a revolutionary project having remarkable implications for the economy and considered as fate changer of this region. The mega project of CPEC creates regional connectivity among Central and South Asian countries under the one belt one road (OBOR) initiative. The CPEC project includes the establishment of the country-wide 9 priority special economic zones (SEZs) providing the opportunities of possible joint ventures for local businesses with the world class export oriented Chinese and foreign companies to relocate in the industrial parks…

Author:

Ahsan Abbas
Senior Research Fellow
Centre of Excellence CPEC
Faryal Maaz
Research Associate
Centre of Excellence CPEC

Keywords:

Joint ventures, industrial clusters, trade, industry, SEZs, China, and Pakistan.

Nine Proposed Priority SEZs under CPEC and SEZ Act; An Approach to Industrial Development

Abstract:

SEZs are promoted around the globe mainly in less developed countries as a strategy to industrialize and to accelerate the economic growth. The growing number of zones is the evidence of this “second best”1 (Farole, 2010) and cornerstone (UNIDO, 2015) strategy for the country’s economic growth. Pakistan has announced SEZs to support the strategy of export promotion and import substitution. This paper discusses the SEZs prioritized under CPEC portfolio and highlights….

Author:

Dr. Ahsan Abbas
Senior Research Fellow
Centre of Excellence

Saira Ali
Research Associate
Centre of Excellence

Keywords:

SEZ, human resource, potential industries

China Regional Trade Pattern and Prospects for Pakistan

Abstract:

China remained one of the top economies of the world, with respect to trade volume it is the first largest exporting and the 2nd largest importing country. Manufacturing sector is the key trading sector (imports and exports) of China which accounts for 94% of its total exports and about 65% of its total imports. Prime trading partners includes USA, the largest destination constitutes 18.5% of total exports of China and EU the largest supplier covers 10% of China’s total imports. China has opened 32% of its economy whereas USA and EU have opened their economies around 19% and 64% respectively.
This study has also analyzed the trade between China…

Author:

Dr. Ahsan Abbas
Senior Research Fellow CPEC Trade and Industry Cooperation Centre of Excellence CPEC

Saira Ali
Research Associate Socio-Economic Impacts of CPEC, Centre of Excellence CPEC

Keywords:

Trade Pattern, EU, Prime Trading, SAARC

How to boost Exports through CPEC? Applying Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework (GIFF) To Pakistan

Abstract:

Pakistan economy is besieged on the export front for decades, which contributes to trade and current account deficits. Although the government has announced several industrialization policies in the past, but no significant change has been observed. But now, under China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) we have an opportunity to put the economy back on track. We are expecting some major structural shifts, through which we will overcome the basic bottleneck of the economy, such as infrastructure…

Author:

Adnan Khan
Research Associate of Policy-Urban Development, Centre of Excellence for CPEC, PIDE, Ministry of Planning, Development and Reforms Planning Commission of Pakistan, Islamabad

Muhammad Ishtiaq
Economic Analyst at State Bank of Pakistan

Muhammad Sohail
Lecturer at National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad

Keywords:

CPEC, Economic Growth, Pakistan Economy, Special Economic Zones (SEZs), Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework (GIFF), Latent Comparative Advantage-LCA

Job Growth and Human Resource Development

Job Growth & Human Resource Development (JG&HRD) is vital to economic recovery and growth of Pakistan. Economic progress in Pakistan is strong, but significant challenges remain like unemployment, less competitive human resource, inequalities and women faced economic, social, and cultural challenges that limit their access to markets, quality jobs, and entrepreneurship. This in turn holds back whole economies.

At Centre of Excellence for China Pakistan Economic Corridor, we report on a very specific aspect of job creation & human resource development through China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects.

Working Papers

Employment Outlook of China Pakistan Economic Corridor: A Meta Analysis

Abstract:

This study explores the different early harvest initiatives of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) namely; Energy, Infrastructure, Gwadar and Industrial Cooperation and the related projects. For instance, around 42 major projects have been agreed under CPEC out of which 22 projects are on the fast track of development whereas ten of these are already completed. This study analyses the employment under the projects…

Author:

Dr. Shahid Rashid
Executive Director
CoE CPEC

Muhammad Muzammil Zia
Policy Head: Job Growth & Human Resource Development under CPEC
CoE CPEC

Shujaa Waqar
Research Assistant: Job Growth & Human Resource Development under CPEC
CoE CPEC

Keywords:

Employment Creation, CPEC, Projection of Employment, Special Economic Zones (SEZs)

Assessing the Impact of CPEC on Job Switching of the Local Fishing Community in Gwadar

Abstract:

Developmental projects are backbone of an economy. Therefore, developing countries around the world are in need of such projects that enhance their regional and international connectivity, create employment opportunities and consequently improve their living standards. The concept of economic corridor was first introduced at the GMS (Greater Mekong Sub region) Eighth Ministerial Meeting in 1998 (Ishida, 2009). The basic idea behind economic corridors is to facilitate economic activity through accumulation…

Author:

Dr. Muhammad Nasir
Professor, PIDE, Islamabad

Reviewd By:

Muhammad Muzammil Zia
Policy Head: Job Growth & Human Resource Development under CPEC
CoE CPEC

Shujaa Waqar
Research Assistant: Job Growth & Human Resource Development under CPEC
CoE CPEC

Keywords:

Job Creation, CPEC Research

Identification of Relevant Technical & Vocational Skills for Job Growth and Human Resource Development in the Context of CPEC Projects for Baluchistan

Abstract:

Identification of relevant trades/skills, in technical vocational education and trainings (TVET), for the need of prospective CPEC projects, both in short and long terms, are necessary for devising optimal human resource policies for job growth and economic development of all provinces of Pakistan. Baluchistan is the least developed province of Pakistan and its socioeconomic development requires focused and objective based policy options under CPEC for skill development, job growth, and human resource development. The system of TVET is not yet explored to know if it fulfills…

Author:

Dr. Aliya H. Khan
Professor, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad

Aziz Ahmed
Lecturer Economics, Baluchistan University of Information
Technology Engineering and Management Sciences, Quetta

Reviewed by:
Muhammad Muzammil Zia
Policy Head: Job Growth and
Human Resource Development, CoE-CPEC

Shuja Waqar
Research Assistant: Job Growth and
Human Resource Development, CoE-CPEC

Keywords:

vocational skills, HR development, Balochistan, job growth, CPEC research

Special Economic Zones SEZs: A Comparative Analysis for CPEC SEZs in Pakistan

Abstract:

Special economic zones (SEZs) around the world are normally established with the aim of achieving various policy objectives: to attract foreign direct investment (FDI), to generate employment, and to be experimental with economic reforms via zone-exclusive trade policies. Pakistan has already signed Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs) for an upward of nine SEZs throughout the country in collaboration with China under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) program. The purpose of this study is the assessment of socio-economic impacts of various SEZs in diverse…

Author:

Muhammad Muzammil Zia
Policy Head: Job Growth and
Human Resource Development, CoE-CPEC

Shuja Waqar
Research Assistant: Job Growth and
Human Resource Development, CoE-CPEC

Keywords:

Asian SEZ, Employment, Exports, FDI, Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

Employment Generation and Labour Composition in CPEC and Related Road Infrastructure Projects

Abstract:

The role of infrastructure in economic development is of immense importance. Initial Infrastructure investment under China Pakistan Economic Corridor is US $ 13.58 billion out of US $ 46 billion. Our study has estimated the number of direct employment generated through CPEC and related infrastructure projects. The study also calculates the number of Chinese and Pakistani human resource hired on these projects. The primary data was gathered from six road projects through…

Author:

Muhammad Muzammil Zia
Policy Head: Job Growth and
Human Resource Development, CoE-CPEC

Shuja Waqar
Research Assistant: Job Growth and
Human Resource Development, CoE-CPEC

Keywords:

Employment, FDI, Infrastructure, Investment